The master's tools

In his work in the "Piazza" every master glassmaker, assisted by a team composed of a "Servente", a "Serventin" and a "Garzone", uses tools that have remained almost identical to those used in the Middle Ages. 

To remove a first quantity of glass from the "Crogiolo" he uses the "Canna da Soffio" a long iron rod drilled lengthwise and slightly conical in the terminal part intended for the removal of the glass. This tool is mainly used to blow the air into the glass mass during processing.

 If the Maestro wishes to give the glass mass a specific shape, use (in the case of a spherical shape) a pear wood tool called "Magiosso" or (in the case of another shape, for example rectangular) a "Stampo" made in wood or cast iron.

 Another fundamental tool in the processing is the "Pontello" an iron that supports the blown glass in processing when it is necessary to finish the end attached to the "Canna di leveta".

Of great importance are also the "Borselle", a kind of springs of different types and the "Tagianti" or the large scissors used to cut the glass in the pasty state during processing. 

Another tool is the "Speo", a long and thin iron, used to collect small quantities of glass from the melting vessels in order to finish the edges of the vessels with a glass filament.

 Last but not least it is necessary to mention other tools used by the Maestro in the course of glass processing: the "Compass", the "Paletta", an instrument usually made of wood that is continuously immersed in a container full of water so that it does not burn in contact with the heat of the molten glass, the “Supieto” used to homogenise or further reduce the thickness of the blown glass being processed.

 All these tools can be considered as a real extension of the master's hand and it is for this reason that they are not made taking into account the anatomical specificities of the masters (for example larger hand, smaller hand, left-handed, right-handed etc.) but very often they are owned by them and in the event that a master decides to work for another furnace, he brings with him the tools made to measure for him.

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